Why white gold should not be Rhodium plated

jodiegearingMetal Knowledge, Rhodium plating27 Comments

White gold is one of my favourite precious metals and is still a popular choice for bespoke jewellery. However, I worry it is often chosen as a budget white metal option opposed to Platinum rather than being selected for its own merit. This is because white gold is traditionally Rhodium plated; what you see in jeweller’s windows is actually white gold coated in a Platinum-looking layer of Rhodium. This disguises the white golds’ natural colour, making it look like Platinum but with a less scary price tag. Those who buy a white gold piece of jewellery will find it soon develops a ‘discoloured’, ‘yellowy’ patch where it wears most. This can ‘tarnish’ (excuse the pun) the whole experience, spoiling the enjoyment of purchasing a special piece of precious jewellery.

What I would like to encourage is Rhodium free gold!

White gold does not have to be rhodium plated. Historically, white gold was plated in Rhodium because the first white gold alloys were not very successful. However the 9ct and 18ct white golds available are a lovely colour that does not have to be plated to appear white in tone. Yes, if you compare natural, non-plated white gold side by side to Palladium, Platinum or Rhodium plated gold, you will see a difference. But individually, natural white gold will appear white. 9ct white gold has a slightly creamier, golden hue. 18ct white gold is darker, almost gunmetal in tone. Both these warm white tones can suit a lot of skin tones better than the stark, icy cool white of Platinum, so it is always worth trying them all on before making your final decision on metal.

white metal comparison

Image credit: Stephen Einhorn

Of course, it is a personal decision but I can’t help but feel that with the rising popularity of Palladium since it gained its hallmark in 2009, there simply is no need for Rhodium plated white gold anymore.

Back to basics

gold31To truly understand the issue of Rhodium plating, you need to understand the make-up of white gold. In its natural form, gold is yellow, period. It is rarely made into jewellery in its natural state because it is just too soft. Gold is discussed in terms of 24 parts (or carats) and is always made into an alloy (a combination of metals), usually seen in 9 or 18ct in the UK. This means that the ratio of the alloy is 9 or 18 parts gold mixed with other metals to ascertain desirable strength and colour properties.

If the other metals in the alloy are mostly copper or silver, then the gold will remain yellow in colour. If the other metals are Palladium in the UK, or a mixture of Palladium and nickel in the US, then the resulting alloy is bleached to a white tone.

As so many people are allergic to nickel, Rhodium plating was introduced to provide a barrier between the white gold and the wearer’s skin. It is now forbidden for nickel to be present in modern jewellery in the UK, but this is not the case in the US. This means that white gold jewellery made in the UK is more expensive than the US because the alloy is made up of more expensive, but much less reactive, metals.

Rhodium is the most dazzlingly bright white precious metal that exists; it suits the contemporary taste for bling and chrome-like sparkle. Because the colour of Rhodium is so close to the icy white of diamonds, it is hard to see where diamonds end and the metal begins, therefore making the stones appear larger.


I have three main issues with the concept of plating metals:

  • Firstly, in my opinion, natural materials age far better than those which have been covered up and altered by man.
  • Secondly, the process is incredibly toxic to the environment.
  • Finally, to Rhodium plate gold means regular visits to the jewellers to have the piece re-plated, so you are without your beloved jewellery for however long the jeweller takes to do the process.

1. The ageing process

Rhodium plating is often advertised as a tough coating for your jewellery, which will help to protect it from knocks and scratches. It is true that Rhodium is a tough metal, so much so that it is not considered feasible to make into jewellery because it is so brittle. But let’s get this clear: precious metals are not hard wearing or particularly durable, especially not in comparison to manmade metals such as stainless steel. And anyway, plating is only ever microns thick – hardly a protective armour for your beloved jewellery!


Image credit: Fox Fine Jewellery

Rings are the most at risk for wear and tear as they come into contact with everything your hand does. Door and drawer handles, cutlery, sinks, pots and pans, tools… they are all made of much tougher metals. When your ring hits these, it will leave a mark or wear down the surface of the metal. If the ring is plated, then the plating will wear over time, revealing the true colour of the metal beneath. This ‘discoloured’ patch, in a side-by-side comparison to the cold white of Rhodium, will look very yellowy.

I think the best analogy for the ageing process of plated metal is found in architecture. Buildings made of natural materials such as stone age gracefully as they soften into their environment. Compare that with a brutalist concrete monstrosity and there is no comparison. Concrete will stain, crack and darken; manmade materials age quickly and far less charmingly.

The same goes for jewellery. White gold will burnish over time, collecting a patina of marks and fine scratches that document the life of the piece. Put plating on it and it will wear in patches where it receives the most knocks, and not in a nice way. The contrast between the true colour of the gold with the bright Rhodium will make the gold look sickly. Leave it natural, and it will look ‘white’ and age better.

2. The true cost of plating


Image credit: Timothy Roe

By the cost, I don’t just mean financially, but the value of Rhodium is incredibly volatile. It is a by-product of Platinum mining and, therefore, is priced depending on availability. Rhodium is an incredibly rare and precious metal, which can cost ten times as much as gold if not more! But it can also cost the environment dearly. Most commonly, the electroplating process is used so don’t be fooled by the term ‘dipping’. This is a phrase high street jewellers are very fond of as it conjures images of your jewellery being dipped into a vat of liquid glistening and bright white metal. While your piece of jewellery is dipped into a liquid, this liquid is actually a heated tank of Rhodium sulphate, sulphuric acid and water. An electric current is run through the jewellery, which acts as a cathode or negative electrode so that the rhodium particles are attracted to it, forming a permanent bond between the metals. The resulting effect is a micron-thick coating on the outside of the jewellery. Does this not raise the question of whether the base metal needs to be gold in the first place? When the solution is finished with, it then needs to be disposed of which raises obvious environmental issues.

3. Time and inconvenience


Image credit: Earth Art Gems

So you’ve been presented with a beautiful piece of white gold jewellery. Do you really want to part with it as a regular occurrence while a jeweller re-plates it for you? It is not a quick process as the piece of jewellery has to be scrupulously cleaned and re-polished beforehand. A worn piece of jewellery will be grubby and so will not plate well.  It must be considered that every time jewellery is polished, you will lose metal. To polish metal is essentially to scratch the hell out of it, thus wearing away the surface and gradually thinning it out.

The plating on rings will wear really quickly but pendants and earrings will take a lot longer as they are not battered on a day to day basis with general wear and tear. How quickly it takes to wear depends entirely on your lifestyle; we’re talking anything from 6 months to two years. Before opting for Rhodium plated white gold, you do need to think carefully about whether you are willing to take your jewellery in to be re-polished and plated on a regular basis for it to be looking its best.

And here’s one I made earlier

I worked with the different natural colours of gold in this commission to achieve a sunset graduation effect in this mixed metal wedding ring. The 14ct white gold layer (taken from an existing ring bought in Mexico) sits in the centre of the blue-white toned silver layer above and the yellow gold stripe below, acting as a mediator between the two opposing colours. In its original incarnation, the 14ct ring was Rhodium plated but this had worn away and formed the starting point for this remodelled design.


These two rings were commissioned for twins as a gift from their mum and she opted for natural 9ct white gold as she liked the warm tone and to reduce the maintenance on them as they wouldn’t need rhodium plating in the future.

These wedding rings are made from 18ct white and rose gold, with no rhodium on the white gold. The warm tones of both metals complement each other perfectly. Rhodium plated white gold just wouldn’t have the same effect next to the rose gold.

So to conclude…

In my opinion, white gold should be left in its natural state. I think the consumer should be given the choice to plate it and they should most definitely have the opportunity to see it in its natural form without the plating. Who knows, more people might learn to love the warmer, darker colours of un-plated white gold like I do!

Leaving white gold au naturel would give more of a rainbow choice of white precious metals when it comes to bespoke jewellery. Clients can select which metal suits their skin tone; the colour of any stones included in the design, and of course, their budget.


Image credit: Krikawa

I believe that everyone should have the option to make their own decisions on plating rather than it being thrust on them as a matter of course. There is simply not enough education available to general public on the high street and it frustrates me that so many people are left feeling negatively towards the jewellery industry. They may feel they have been deceived when the plating on their jewellery starts to wear and the true colour of the metal is slowly revealed. I say let’s move away from this bling-tastic culture and let’s give consumers the right to make their own decisions based on the facts.

And finally…

To truly drive home my point, here are four gorgeous white gold rings without Rhodium plating by some of my favourite jewellery designers:

1. How utterly scrumptious is this chocolate diamond solitaire by Mirri Damer? The warm, cognac toned brown of the diamond compliments the gunmetal hue of the 18ct white gold beautifully. The soft texture Mirri works into the surface of the metal emphasises the warm tone of the gold and compliments the diamond exquisitely. Mirri_Damer_White_Gold

2. What I like about this mixed metal wedding ring by leading contemporary German jewellery brand, Niessing, is how the mix of white gold and Platinum demonstrates the different colour tones so well. In their words, the contrasting coloured metals “run along the ring like a vein of stone along a pebble, both visible and palpable.” Simply stunning!

3. This highly textured wedding band by Karen Karch shows off the natural colour of white gold so well because of its width. I love how she uses texture for an honest hand-hewn finish rather than trying to achieve a machine like finish; it almost looks soft and malleable.

4. American brand, Greenwich Jewelers, have utilised the natural colour of white gold beautifully to contrast the intriguingly shaped diamond in the centre of the design. The invisibly set diamonds in the shoulder of the ring stand out as well because of this contrast in tone. If the ring was Rhodium plated, they would all but disappear into a sea of icy white metal.


How do you feel about Rhodium plating? Let us know in the comment field below.

27 Comments on “Why white gold should not be Rhodium plated”

  1. Hi Jodie,

    Can you comment on what type of white metal works best for a tension set ring (specifically thinking of an east-west tension setting for an emerald cut stone). I’ve heard of newer alloys sometimes called 19k white or “super white gold”?

    1. Hi, thanks for getting in touch.

      For a tension setting, I would recommend going as hard as you can with the metal choice, so probably platinum. However if you like the idea of using non-plated white gold, you could put a hidden support underneath the stone that joins the two shoulders and provides a cup for the stone to sit in, making the setting much stronger (I would do this regardless of metal choice as tension settings are never particularly secure)

      As for 19ct gold – this will obviously increase the gold content even further than 18ct so therefore potentially reduce the hardness further.

      I hope this helps but let me know if I can help further.

      Best wishes,

  2. Hi Jodie,

    I totally agree with you. I have just had an un-plated, beautiful custom made, hand engraved wedding ring made for me and due to the high quality metal my jeweller uses, the colour is stunning, almost like a creamy silver, which looks perfect with my fair skin!
    My question is, if I leave it on for washing hands, sanitising and showering, will it tarnish and end up a yellowy colour, or will it always have the look it has now?

    1. Hi Karen,

      Thank you for getting in touch, it’s always nice to hear about people’s experiences with unplated white gold and to hear that other people like it as much as me!

      Gold will not tarnish like silver does. As there is no plating, the ring is the exact same colour all the way through so as it wears, it won’t change colour (unlike plated gold). It will just loose its high shine and gain a dull sheen instead.

      You are fine to wear it while showering and washing your hands but I’d recommend you take it off for washing up or any activities that might damage it as gold is fairly soft.

      I hope this helps – I’d love to see a picture of your ring, it sounds beautiful!

      Kind regards,

      1. Hi Jodie!

        It is just perfect. Different engravings all around it. The man is a genius! If you’d like to see more of Andrew’s work, he’s based in Durham and has a page on facebook called ‘The Croft Workshops’ I encourage you to check him out – his work is fantastic and I would recommend him to anyone looking for bespoke jewellery.
        I have attached a couple of pics of my ring from the front and the back.
        Karen x https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/db86b4dbcb73b6d20819cd6a11b99670f862512e2e0136abcd27a4599d088f85.jpg https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/749330dde2d62ffd07cd8203248ed90459ee9b79a63a312338c6014448be174a.jpg

  3. Non-rhodium plating looks better (on UK non-nickel material certainly) on 18ct white gold than 9ct IMO. This is because, almost counterintuitively, the 18ct alloys appear whiter, or certainly less yellow than the 9ct!

    Why counterintuitive . . . because although there is more yellow gold in the 18ct, typically a higher percentage of palladium is used to whiten it, whereas in the cheaper 9ct alloys, which are potentially more ‘whtenable’ than 18ct, because of less yellow metal in the alloy, typically use less palladium because they are made down to a price.

    1. Hi Adrian, yes it does seem counterintuitive doesn’t it, you’re completely right. I believe this is because the mix of alloys in the mix of 18ct white gold have a more bleaching effect on the gold.

    1. Thank you very much Dean and thanks for showing the pictures of your rings – the difference is amazing isn’t it!

  4. Hallo

    Can you please help me and answer this:
    Is an Italian 18ct White Gold FOPE necklace alloyed with palladium or silver?

    Thank You

    1. Hi William,
      I am not sure if the Italian alloy mix is different to the ones used in the UK, but it is usually a mix of silver and palladium, not just one or the other.
      I hope this helps!
      Best wishes,

  5. I wish I had known this before I got my ring. I have to have it plated twice a year to maintain the color. I would actually prefer to have it unplated. Is it possible to remove the plating so it doesn’t just wear off unevenly?

    1. Hi Lea, it is such a common misconception that white gold has to be rhodium plated. It can be polished off, which is something we can help you with should you wish

  6. I also prefer the unplayed white gold.
    My wedding set made by friends 17 years ago are unplated 18ct. I took them into a different jeweler (I live in diff state now) for sizing and fusing the 3 bands and the woman at the counter had the funniest look on her face when I said I did not want them to be plated. Like she’s never heard of that before.
    I love the character my rings develop over time. And the color is warm. I love au naturel!

    1. It’s so funny the reaction you get from traditional jewellers! I’d so glad you enjoy the natural colour of your rings, I really love it too.

  7. Hi Jodie, I wish I knew about this before I thought they all had to be plated my ring looks terrible now and needs to be replated.

    1. The rhodium can be polished off so you can enjoy the natural colour of the metal – it’s when the rhodium wears off in patches that it doesn’t look great.

    1. Hi Gemma,
      It would be great to see a few photos of the jewellery you’d like the plating stripped from and then I can organise a quote for you. If you’d like to send some photos to [email protected], we’d love to help you.
      Best wishes,

  8. Before reading this post, I had no idea what white gold was. I completely agree with you, and it should not be plated in rhodium. Natural materials age more gracefully. It’s critical to keep the original colour. Thank you, I feel this has been an eye-opener for all of us.

    1. Thank you for your kind comments – I am so glad it was eye opening for you and that you feel the same 🙂 who needs rhodium plating!?

  9. Hi Jodie
    I’m so glad I stumbled across your site (which I’ve bookmarked) and this post!
    We have found the wedding rings we want locally here; the standard version is 18ct hammered white gold, rhodium-plated, with 18ct yellow gold either side, total width 5.5 mm. We will have it made with with 18ct rose gold instead of the yellow gold, and we can have the white gold without plating (why plate it if it’s hammered anyway?!).
    The supplier is finding out whether the ring can be made in palladium instead of white gold. I’m sort of hoping the answer is “no”, because it would save us having to make what is proving to be an impossible decision! We’re “of an age” and it’s second time around for both of us, but we spend a lot of time on the sea; we love the warmth of the rose gold and want the white metal to blend. Taking account of durability etc., is it worth worrying about the palladium option, or is white gold likely to have sufficient longevity if we look after it (obv taking the rings off for DIY etc.)?
    (Sadly we probably have neither the time nor the budget for completely custom made)
    Thanks a million in advance for your generosity of advice!

    1. Hi Emma,

      Thank you for your very kind words, I am pleased to be able to help.

      Palladium is more hard wearing than 18ct white gold, but with care, it’ll last a lifetime so I wouldn’t worry. Ultimately, all precious metals are by their very nature soft in order for a goldsmith to be able to work with the metal, so even Palladium will end up with an aged patina with wear. I say embrace it, and enjoy the natural warmth of the white gold next to the rose gold – its my favourite combination 🙂 Here are some we’ve made –

      Thank you for your comment and I wish you all the best for your upcoming wedding.
      Best wishes,

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